Show Summary Details
Page of

Specific heart muscle disorders 

Specific heart muscle disorders
Specific heart muscle disorders

Oliver P. Guttmann

, and Perry Elliott

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 05 March 2021

Systemic immune-mediated diseases are autoimmune and autoinflammatory diseases affecting at least two-organ systems. Autoinflammatory diseases are a family of conditions characterized by episodes of unprovoked inflammation in the absence of high autoantibody titres or autoreactive T lymphocytes, reflecting a primary dysfunction of the innate immune system. Autoimmune diseases are characterized by aberrant B, T, and dendritic cell responses with predominantly cell-mediated or autoantibody-mediated responses to self-antigens in genetically susceptible individuals. Cardiovascular involvement is systemic immune-mediated diseases may be occult and often goes undetected, but is associated with a poor prognosis. As any anatomical structure in the heart may be involved, patients can present with one or more features consistent with pericarditis, myocarditis, endocarditis, and vasculitis. There is often no correlation between the extent of systemic disease and cardiac involvement.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.