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Colin Dayan

, and Julia Platts

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date: 05 March 2021

Diabetes mellitus can be defined as a state of chronic hyperglycaemia sufficient to cause long-term damage to specific tissues, notably the retina, kidney, nerves, and arteries. It is due to inadequate production of insulin and/or ‘resistance’ to the glucose lowering and other actions of insulin, and is a significant and growing threat to global health, affecting more than 400 million people worldwide. Diabetes is a significant and growing threat to global health. Worldwide, diabetes affects more than 400 million people. This number was more than 10-fold less in 1985 (30 million) and the world prevalence is predicted to reach 640 million by 2040, with 10% of all adults affected.

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