Show Summary Details
Page of

Obesity 

Chapter:
Obesity
Author(s):

I. Sadaf Farooqi

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198746690.003.0223
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE (www.oxfordmedicine.com). © Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 27 February 2021

Obesity is defined as an excess of body fat that is sufficient to affect health adversely. While the quantification of fat mass is usually only performed in the research setting, body mass index (weight in kg/height in metres2) is a useful surrogate marker for fat mass. Using the World Health Organization definition of a body mass index more than 30 kg/m2 to define obesity, 30% of Americans and 10–20% of Europeans are classified as obese, with the prevalence rising in many developing countries. As body mass index increases, so does the relative risk of type 2 diabetes, hypertension, and cardiovascular disease. As such, obesity is associated with disability, mortality, and substantial health costs. At an individual level, severe obesity can be associated with sleep disturbance and respiratory difficulties, joint and mobility disorders, as well as considerable social stigma which can affect quality of life, educational attainment, and employment opportunities.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.