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Diseases of affluent societies and the need for dietary change 

Diseases of affluent societies and the need for dietary change
Chapter:
Diseases of affluent societies and the need for dietary change
Author(s):

J.I. Mann

, and A.S. Truswell

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198746690.003.0222
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date: 07 March 2021

Nutritional problems of a country depend more upon the stage of technical and economic development than geographical location. People in affluent societies have ready access to food all year round. The diet is typically energy-dense, high in fat and often also in sugar. There are multiple sources of nutritional advice, not all based on sound science. Obesity is the most obvious and important nutritional disease in affluent societies, with comorbidities including type 2 diabetes, coronary heart disease, hypertension, some cancers, gallstones, osteoarthritis, and obstructive sleep apnoea. Obese people may also be disadvantaged by social, economic, and psychological effects. Particular dietary constituents promote or protect against coronary heart disease by their effect on cardiovascular risk factors, and some promote or protect against various cancers.

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