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Disasters: Earthquakes, hurricanes, floods, and volcanic eruptions 

Disasters: Earthquakes, hurricanes, floods, and volcanic eruptions
Chapter:
Disasters: Earthquakes, hurricanes, floods, and volcanic eruptions
Author(s):

Peter J. Baxter

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198746690.003.0211
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date: 27 February 2021

Natural disasters (including earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, hurricanes, floods) cause tens of thousands of deaths and adversely affect the lives of hundreds of millions of people every year. The trend is for the impacts to increase alongside the continuing expansion of human populations into regions at risk and with environmental degradation making human settlements more vulnerable, especially in heavily urbanized areas and megacities. This reckless development is going on in most countries of the world, even in places prone to natural disasters. Recent remarkable advances in forecasting weather-related disasters (hurricanes and floods) have to be matched with adequate disaster preparedness in those communities at high risk if they are to be translated into effective warnings, especially in low-income countries. Earthquakes remain notoriously unpredictable and have the greatest mortality toll of all natural disasters.

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