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Urethritis 

Urethritis
Chapter:
Urethritis
Author(s):

Patrick Horner

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198746690.003.0192
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date: 05 March 2021

Urethritis is defined as detectable urethral inflammation in the presence of symptoms or an observable urethral discharge. It is conventionally classified into gonococcal urethritis (GU, caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae) and non-gonococcal urethritis (NGU, caused by Chlamydia trachomatis, Mycoplasma genitalium, and other causes, but with no known pathogen detected in over 30% of cases). Diagnosis is by urethral smear and microbiological investigations. Treatment with appropriate antibiotics should be given only to those with proven urethritis, and the diagnosis and its implications should be discussed with the patient. Partner notification is essential, not only to prevent re-infection but also to prevent onward transmission from partner(s) and the development of complications if left untreated.

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