Show Summary Details
Page of

Haemophilus influenzae 

Haemophilus influenzae
Haemophilus influenzae

Esther Robinson

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 03 March 2021

Haemophilus influenzae is a Gram-negative bacillus that is an exclusively human pathogen and commensal. There are six capsular serotypes (a–f), of which type b (Hib) is a major cause of childhood infectious disease. Transmission occurs by close bodily contact, the main source being other children. Carriage of the organism may be followed by disease in susceptible individuals. In infants, Hib causes symptoms ranging from a mild non-specific febrile illness (occult bacteraemia) to fully blown sepsis with meningitis, epiglottitis, pneumonia, septic arthritis, or cellulitis. Non-typeable H. influenzae are common nasopharyngeal commensals and cause otitis media and conjunctivitis in children. In adults, non-typeable H. influenzae cause exacerbations of chronic bronchitis, sinusitis, and pneumonia. Other Haemophilus species, including H. parainfluenzae, are common commensals and rare causes of infective endocarditis and other sepsis.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.