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Paediatric palliative care 

Paediatric palliative care
Chapter:
Paediatric palliative care
Author(s):

Max Watson

, Rachel Campbell

, Nandini Vallath

, Stephen Ward

, and Jo Wells

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198745655.003.0016
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date: 22 August 2019

This chapter describes the emergence of the field of paediatric palliative care. It looks at the differences between children’s palliative care and the adult world. It goes on to discuss the management of various symptoms looking particularly at the pharmacological approaches that can be used. All dosages are aligned with the Association of Paediatric Palliative Medicine formulary guidelines. Advances in the treatment of life-threatening neonatal and paediatric conditions have dramatically improved survival rates over recent years. One of the most striking reductions in mortality has been achieved for children with malignant conditions, although there remain certain forms of cancer for which the prognosis remains extremely poor. Similarly, despite advances, there is a range of non-malignant conditions which continue to be life-limiting. The patient population in paediatric palliative care is quite different from that encountered in adult practice. Approximately 25–30% of children with palliative care needs have a malignancy.

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