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Vascular dementia 

Vascular dementia
Chapter:
Vascular dementia
Author(s):

Hugh Markus

, Anthony Pereira

, and Geoffrey Cloud

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198737889.003.0015
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date: 04 August 2021

Patients with cerebrovascular disease can develop dementia in the absence of stroke symptoms or as a consequence to stroke. In this chapter, concepts, classification, and definitions of vascular dementia are outlined with a discussion of the overlap between vascular dementia and Alzheimer's disease. Investigation of the vascular dementia patient for treatable causes and to inform management is discussed as there are sections on therapy, promoting independence, and assessments of mental capacity. Depression is common in vascular dementia and a section is dedicated to the assessment and management of this. The concept of mild vascular cognitive impairment is also discussed.

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