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Advanced heart failure in valvular heart disease 

Advanced heart failure in valvular heart disease
Chapter:
Advanced heart failure in valvular heart disease
Author(s):

Blase A. Carabello

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198734871.003.0012
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date: 23 September 2019

Each valvular heart disease imparts a unique hemodynamic burden on the left and/or right ventricles. If this burden is severe and prolonged it results eventually in myocardial damage, heart failure, and death. This chapter examines how each lesion causes heart failure, covering aortic stenosis, mitral stenosis, mitral regurgitation, and aortic regurgitation. Through discussion of these lesions, this chapter evaluates how heart failure may be prevented or how it might be reversed. Mechanical intervention is a primary focus, as ways of timing intervention to prevent heart failure and recognizing symptoms that indicated the need for action of this kind is discussed in detail.

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