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Infection and spondyloarthritis 

Infection and spondyloarthritis
Chapter:
Infection and spondyloarthritis
Author(s):

Marjatta Leirisalo-Repo

and John D. Carter

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198734444.003.0009
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date: 15 August 2020

Spondyloarthritis (SpA) is the designation encompassing a group of inflammatory diseases with several features in common. The patients have mono- or oligoarthritis with or without inflammatory back symptoms. Distinctive extra-articular inflammatory symptoms also characterize the diseases. The diagnostic subgroups in the SpA family include reactive arthritis (ReA), ankylosing spondylitis (AS), arthritis associated with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), psoriasis arthritis (PsA), and some forms of juvenile-onset arthritis. These diseases share a strong association with a genetic marker, HLA-B27, absence of rheumatoid factor, tendency to family aggregation, and frequently occurring extra-articular manifestations. This chapter discusses the role of infections, either as triggering of the disease, most evident in the case of ReA, or as possibly contributing factors in the development of chronic forms of SpA and AS.

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