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Axial spondyloarthritis in Latin America 

Axial spondyloarthritis in Latin America
Chapter:
Axial spondyloarthritis in Latin America
Author(s):

Percival Sampaio-Barros

and Rafael Valle-Oñate

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198734444.003.0029
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date: 05 August 2020

Latin American countries are often characterized by a significant miscegenation among whites, blacks, and Amerindians. These heterogeneous populations frequently represent a challenge for the design of studies analysing the genetics, incidence, and prevalence of rheumatic diseases. In this setting, axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) frequently shows an increased associated peripheral involvement, compared with the homogeneous population. Genetic and socioeconomic factors can be associated with this clinical presentation, although further studies are necessary to confirm this hypothesis. Regarding treatment, Latin American spondyloarthritis (SpA) patients also show a higher prescription of corticosteroids, methotrexate, and sulfasalazine than European series. This chapter presents and discusses the many aspects related to the presentation of axSpA in Latin America.

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