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Diphtheria 

Diphtheria
Chapter:
Diphtheria
DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198729228.003.0063
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date: 19 November 2019

Enterovirus is a genus of non-enveloped viruses within the family of Picornaviridae (‘picorna’ = pico (small) RNA) which includes enterovirus and rhinovirus species. This chapter focuses on the seven human disease-causing enterovirus species: Enterovirus A–D (EV A–D) and Rhinovirus A–C (RV A–C). Human parechoviruses are included, as they were historically considered to be subtypes of enterovirus. Enteroviruses are associated with diseases, including polio, herpangina, annual outbreaks of aseptic meningitis in infants, myocarditis, pleurodynia (Bornholm’s disease), hand, foot, and mouth disease, asthma, and common cold-like illness. This chapter considers the epidemiology, clinical features, diagnosis, and management of enteroviruses, with special mention of enterovirus 71.

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