Show Summary Details
Page of

Campylobacter 

Campylobacter
Chapter:
Campylobacter
DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198729228.003.0050
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE (www.oxfordmedicine.com). © Oxford University Press, 2016. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 18 November 2019

Infection due to Candida species, the most frequent of which are Candida albicans, Candida parapsilosis, and Candida glabrata. It can involve only superficial structures (mucosa, skin, nails) or deep tissues, i.e. bloodstream and organs. Risk factors for candidiasis are alteration of host flora (e.g. following broad-spectrum antibiotics), immunosuppression and severe illness, colonization, prolonged neutropenia, and loss of mucosal (e.g. intestinal) integrity, while reduced T-cell numbers or function leads to severe mucosal and/or invasive disease. Diagnosis is based mostly on culture, while non-culture methods are limited. Therapy with antifungal agents locally (i.e. nystatin and azoles) or systemically (i.e. amphotericin B, azoles, and echinocandins) is the cornerstone of management. Prophylaxis of invasive candidiasis in premature neonates with fluconazole has been shown efficacious.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.