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Tick-borne encephalitis 

Tick-borne encephalitis
Chapter:
Tick-borne encephalitis
DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198729228.003.0118
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date: 26 June 2019

Tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) is a disease that affects the central nervous system of humans at any age and is caused by the TBE virus (TBEV). Ticks carrying the virus transmit it endemically in many parts of Central, Northern, and Eastern Europe and in some areas in Central and Northern Asia. TBE causes considerable morbidity, with several thousand cases in Europe every year, mainly in older children, adolescents, and adults. Mortality of TBE is approximately 1%; the disease probably is more severe with the Far Eastern TBEV subtype, compared to Central European TBEV. Furthermore, severity tends to increase with patient age. There is no treatment for TBE, and prevention of tick bites is difficult, especially in children. Therefore, immunization is the most efficient means to prevent TBE.

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