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Streptococcal infections 

Streptococcal infections
Chapter:
Streptococcal infections
DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198729228.003.0115
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date: 17 June 2019

The genus Streptococcus comprises some of the most important bacterial pathogens in paediatrics. Group B streptococci are still the most important cause of sepsis in otherwise healthy neonates in many parts of the world, despite the use of perinatal antibiotic prophylaxis. Group A streptococci are the most important bacterial cause of tonsillitis, and a significant cause of soft tissue infections, which may be very severe. Finally, viridans streptococci cause endocarditis. The medically most important pneumococci are dealt with in an independent chapter. Whereas antibiotic resistance is not a specific problem in streptococci, the disease burden remains high, in particular since effective vaccines against streptococci have not been introduced into clinical routine.

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