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Juvenile idiopathic arthritis 

Juvenile idiopathic arthritis
Chapter:
Juvenile idiopathic arthritis
Author(s):

Gavin Clunie

, Nick Wilkinson

, Elena Nikiphorou

, and Deepak R. Jadon

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198728252.003.0009
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date: 23 April 2021

The presentation and natural history of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) differs from that of the adult inflammatory arthritides and this chapter describes the key features and differentials that need to be considered. In making a diagnosis, this chapter should be used in association with Part I of the Handbook. The chapter conveys information useful for explaining JIA to parents, national guidelines and other routine therapeutic practices, analysis of subtypes of JIA, and uveitis commonly associated with JIA. The description of systemic-onset JIA includes its differential and association with macrophage activation syndrome. As an archetypal long-term musculoskeletal condition, the key features of transition and age-appropriate care are also discussed here.

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