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Common upper limb musculoskeletal lesions 

Common upper limb musculoskeletal lesions
Common upper limb musculoskeletal lesions

Gavin Clunie

, Nick Wilkinson

, Elena Nikiphorou

, and Deepak R. Jadon

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date: 20 April 2021

This chapter introduces readers to some common upper limb musculoskeletal lesions, including subacromial (shoulder) impingement syndrome, adhesive capsulitis, and lateral epicondylitis (tennis elbow). The epidemiology, aetiopathogenesis, clinical presentation, and management of these conditions are presented. Algorithms for their management are provided. Other disorders presenting with a subacromial impingement pattern of pain are detailed and optimal diagnostic imaging methods proposed. These include supraspinatus/cuff tendonitis, subacromial bursitis, rotator cuff tear, long head of biceps tendonitis, osteophyte impingement on the rotator cuff tendon, glenohumeral instability due to labral trauma (e.g. SLAP lesion), arthritis of the glenohumeral joint, enthesitis related to spondyloarthritis, and lesions at the suprascapular notch.

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