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Hand-held echocardiography 

Hand-held echocardiography
Hand-held echocardiography

Denis Pellerin

, Nuno Cardim

, and Christian Prinz

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date: 04 July 2022

Pocket-size hand-held echocardiography (PHE) is low cost, portable, user friendly, and battery powered. Studies using PHE do not replace conventional echo studies and do not provide a complete diagnostic echocardiographic examination. PHE should be used for goal-oriented studies that include assessment of left ventricular (LV) cavity size, LV systolic function, detection of pericardial effusion, and haemodynamic compromise. Examinations using PHE have been demonstrated to be feasible and provide additional information to the physical examination. For potential users other than cardiology experts in echocardiography the accuracy of PHE data highly depends on training and competency. Emphasis must be placed on acquisition of good quality images and knowledge of pitfalls and limitations. The challenge is providing efficient training programmes to ensure competency in performing focused studies and have recognition of an appropriate threshold for seeking expert advice and full echo examination. PHE is a useful teaching tool and provides important complementary information for medical education.

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