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Vascular echo imaging 

Vascular echo imaging
Vascular echo imaging

Muriel Sprynger

, Iana Simova

, and Scipione Carerj

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date: 26 January 2022

Arterial diseases are heavily intertwined with atherosclerosis and coronary artery disease and the presence of both symptomatic and asymptomatic peripheral artery diseases is known to affect the rate of cardiovascular events and deaths. Screening for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) in selected populations is also a major issue for the cardiologist. Additionally, intima-media thickness and ankle-brachial index (ABI) measurements, screening for carotid or femoral plaques, and new techniques looking at the rigidity and elasticity of arteries may further help with risk stratification, especially in intermediary risk populations. Cardiologists may also encounter other conditions such as subclavian artery disease, arterial dissection, arterial entrapment, and arteritis (e.g. giant cell or Takayasu’s arteritis). Even if they don’t undertake imaging themselves, they should know about these diseases and when to refer patients. Although cardiac and vascular ultrasounds are complementary, they require a completely different skill set and formal training. The ultimate goal of this chapter is to define the basic principles that any cardiologist should know, and also provide guidance to cardiologists more interested in vascular diseases. For the benefit of the patient there is a need for collaboration between the different disciplines involved in vascular diseases according to local medical availability and skill.

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