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Interventional echocardiography 

Interventional echocardiography
Interventional echocardiography

Alejandra Carbonell San Román

and José Luis Zamorano

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date: 17 May 2022

Multimodality imaging is vital in any percutaneous cardiac procedure, increasing the precision and accuracy of the procedure to optimize results and reduce complications to a minimum. Three-dimensional transoesophageal echocardiography has progressively become essential, as it provides supportive and precise image information, additive to that obtained by conventional two-dimensional imaging. The rapidly evolving technology to improve visualization and image resolution is aiding the development and performance of these techniques with an increasing need of qualified imaging expertise. This chapter describes the use of transthoracic, transoesophageal, and intracardiac echocardiography approaches in a variety of interventional echocardiography procedures, including valvular heart disease, transcatheter aortic valve implantation, MitraClip® therapy for mitral valve repair, percutaneous closure of paravalvular leaks, and intracardiac shunts.

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