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The healthy settings approach: Healthy Cities and environmental health indicators 

The healthy settings approach: Healthy Cities and environmental health indicators
Chapter:
The healthy settings approach: Healthy Cities and environmental health indicators
Author(s):

Evelyne de Leeuw

, and Premila Webster

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198725916.003.0018
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date: 04 July 2022

‘Healthy Cities’ is a global movement in urban health that grew from a Canadian initiative in the mid-1980s to a World Health Organization programme. Healthy Cities are characterized by a strong commitment to values such as sustainability, solidarity, justice, and participation embedded in a vision that embraces ecological and community perspectives. The movement comes in different manifestations around the world; this chapter focuses mostly on the European evidence base and discusses efforts that have been made over three decades to establish validated sets of indicators to measure and assess urban health and Healthy Cities. True to the nature of the movement, indicators are both socioecological and biomedical, qualitative, and quantitative. This presents challenges to validity and applicability across urban environments.

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