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ADHD in adults 

ADHD in adults
Chapter:
ADHD in adults
Author(s):

Philip Asherson

and Jan Buitelaar

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198724308.003.0008
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date: 15 November 2019

ADHD is as neurodevelopmental disorder that starts during childhood, yet the condition frequently persists into adult life and affects people throughout the lifespan. The predictors of long-term outcomes in ADHD are not well defined, but follow-up studies show that around two-thirds of individuals with ADHD have persistence of symptoms in adult life, linked to continued impairments. Impairments span a wide range of severity and can be very severe, affecting social, educational, and occupational health and leading to criminal behaviour in some cases. The trait-like characteristic of the disorder means that individuals have to cope with ADHD symptoms and impairments on a daily basis. Mental restlessness, emotional instability, and sleep problems are commonly seen alongside the characteristic features listed in the diagnostic criteria for ADHD. As ADHD in adults is increasingly recognized by adult mental health professionals the impact of ADHD and the benefits of treating adults are better understood. Treatment takes a multimodal effect with most guidelines recommending the first line use of medication in the context of a complete assessment of social, educational, and occupational needs.

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