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Management of intellectual disability 

Management of intellectual disability
Management of intellectual disability

Sabyasachi Bhaumik

, Reza Kiani

, Shweta Gangavati

, and Sayeed Khan

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date: 21 May 2022

This chapter begins with a definition of the term ‘intellectual disability’, an issue of some confusion among many professionals, and provides guidance on determining the degree of intellectual disability through clinical assessment of individuals’ adaptive functioning. It then focuses on mental health problems, challenging behaviour, and physical health co-morbidities commonly experienced by this population, with an emphasis on good practices in their management through a multidisciplinary approach. The challenges faced due to atypical presentation of mental illness and the interplay between physical and mental health problems are highlighted. Case studies are incorporated to illustrate and help readers apply these principles in clinical settings. There is a section devoted to a stepped-care approach in service provision which outlines the roles of various professionals and the focus and nature of their involvement. A useful section at the end recapitulates the ten key learning points of the chapter.

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