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Informed consent in research settings 

Informed consent in research settings
Chapter:
Informed consent in research settings
Author(s):

Julian Beezhold

, Michael J. Wise

, Defne Eraslan

, and Marianne Kastrup

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198723646.003.0021
Page of

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date: 30 November 2021

Informed consent in research and clinical trials has been an important ethical and practical issue since at least the Nuremburg trials of Nazi doctors after the Second World War. This chapter traces the development of rules and guidance on informed consent in research from Nuremburg, through the Declaration of Helsinki, and on to current European law governing research in member states. The necessity for research is explored. The chapter continues by examining problem areas such as the meaning of ‘informed’; research on people lacking the ability to consent; and controversies relating to the use of databanks. Finally, some elucidation of practical methods to improve the quality of informed consent in research is provided.

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