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Trauma and burns 

Trauma and burns
Chapter:
Trauma and burns
Author(s):

Carl Waldmann

, Andrew Rhodes

, Neil Soni

, and Jonathan Handy

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198723561.003.0029
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date: 23 September 2021

This chapter discusses trauma and burns and includes discussion on initial management of major trauma (ABCDE), head injury (both primary and secondary, but also clinical management, general intensive care unit care, and specific treatment of raised intracranial pressure), spinal trauma, chest trauma, pelvic trauma, the fluid management of burns and the general management of burns, and penetrating trauma. The concepts of permissive hypotension, ongoing resuscitation, and injury severity scores are discussed, together with the importance of the tertiary survey. The need for treatment in a centre that can deal with all aspects of multiple trauma and the rapid transfer to such a centre is emphasized. Burns treatment includes the effect of inhalational injury to the airway. The need for treatment in a centre that can deal with all aspects of multiple trauma and the rapid transfer to such a centre is emphasized.

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