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Renal disorders 

Renal disorders
Renal disorders

Carl Waldmann

, Andrew Rhodes

, Neil Soni

, and Jonathan Handy

Page of

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date: 26 January 2022

This chapter discusses renal disorders and includes discussion on prevention of acute kidney injury, including optimizing renal perfusion with the use of volume expansion, inotropic, vasopressor, and vasodilator medications; modulation of renal physiology, including renal metabolism, tubular obstruction, oxygen radical damage, and renal regeneration and repair. This chapter also discusses the diagnosis of acute kidney injury, including parameters of glomerular function, urine analyses, biomarkers, ultrasound, autoimmune profiling, and renal biopsy.

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