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Assessing fibromyalgia syndrome 

Assessing fibromyalgia syndrome
Chapter:
Assessing fibromyalgia syndrome
Author(s):

Ernest Choy

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198723233.003.0004
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date: 08 April 2020

A large number of instruments have been used in the assessment of fibromyalgia syndrome. For research, the Outcome Measure of Rheumatology Group have defined a core data set. In clinical practice, the visual analogue scale of pain can be used to assess pain intensity. Tenderness/pressure pain threshold can be measured by simple tools such as a dolorimeter. The Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire is a validated multidimensional tool that assesses many major features of the condition. The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale is a simple and useful self-completed screening questionnaire for mood disturbances in patients attending routine outpatient clinics. It can be useful in identifying patients with severe depression, who need referral to mental health specialists. Using a combination of these assessment tools, subgroups of patients with fibromyalgia syndrome could be identified. These could be used to guide treatment.

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