Show Summary Details
Page of

Vitamin B3 (niacin) in pregnancy and breastfeeding 

Vitamin B3 (niacin) in pregnancy and breastfeeding
Chapter:
Vitamin B3 (niacin) in pregnancy and breastfeeding
Author(s):

Sir Peter Gluckman

, Mark Hanson

, Chong Yap Seng

, and Anne Bardsley

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198722700.003.0009
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE (www.oxfordmedicine.com). © Oxford University Press, 2016. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 18 August 2019

Niacin (as nicotinamide) is a component of coenzyme systems that function in the reductive biosynthesis of fatty acids and steroids, including cholesterol, and are involved in cell signalling. Niacin deficiency is rare, as the daily requirement can usually be met by food sources, and also via synthesis from tryptophan, which is present in dietary proteins. The prevalence of niacin deficiency is higher in populations consuming mainly corn or sorghum as a dietary staple. Corn contains niacin, but only in a bound form that is nutritionally unavailable. The additional needs for niacin during pregnancy are mirrored by the increased energy intake needs, and dietary supplementation is only necessary in cases of overall poor nutritional intake.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.