Show Summary Details
Page of

Vitamin B2 (riboflavin) in pregnancy and breastfeeding 

Vitamin B2 (riboflavin) in pregnancy and breastfeeding
Vitamin B2 (riboflavin) in pregnancy and breastfeeding

Sir Peter Gluckman

, Mark Hanson

, Chong Yap Seng

, and Anne Bardsley

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 19 May 2022

Riboflavin is a cofactor for enzymes involved in energy generation, biosynthesis, detoxification, and electron-scavenging pathways, as well as in the metabolism of other B vitamins. Deficiency is rare in developed countries; it is encountered almost invariably in combination with deficit of other B vitamins in areas of poor overall nutrition. Deficiency is endemic in populations whose staple diet consists of rice and wheat, with low or no consumption of meat and dairy products. Infants of riboflavin-deficient mothers tend to be deficient themselves at birth and remain deficient through breastfeeding and weaning. To ensure adequate riboflavin supply in both mother and infant, an increase in dairy products and/or meat consumption, particularly during lactation, may be necessary in some women.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.