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Vitamin B2 (riboflavin) in pregnancy and breastfeeding 

Vitamin B2 (riboflavin) in pregnancy and breastfeeding
Chapter:
Vitamin B2 (riboflavin) in pregnancy and breastfeeding
Author(s):

Sir Peter Gluckman

, Mark Hanson

, Chong Yap Seng

, and Anne Bardsley

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198722700.003.0008
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date: 17 October 2019

Riboflavin is a cofactor for enzymes involved in energy generation, biosynthesis, detoxification, and electron-scavenging pathways, as well as in the metabolism of other B vitamins. Deficiency is rare in developed countries; it is encountered almost invariably in combination with deficit of other B vitamins in areas of poor overall nutrition. Deficiency is endemic in populations whose staple diet consists of rice and wheat, with low or no consumption of meat and dairy products. Infants of riboflavin-deficient mothers tend to be deficient themselves at birth and remain deficient through breastfeeding and weaning. To ensure adequate riboflavin supply in both mother and infant, an increase in dairy products and/or meat consumption, particularly during lactation, may be necessary in some women.

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