Show Summary Details
Page of

Guidelines for breastfeeding and weaning 

Guidelines for breastfeeding and weaning
Guidelines for breastfeeding and weaning

Sir Peter Gluckman

, Mark Hanson

, Chong Yap Seng

, and Anne Bardsley

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 01 March 2021

Breastfeeding provides almost all of the nutrient requirements for the growing infant to the age of 6 months. Complementary foods rich in iron should be introduced by 6 months, but continued breastfeeding past this point is still beneficial to the infant. It is also beneficial for the mother, reducing postpartum weight retention and lowering the risk of breast and other gynaecological cancers. Breastfeeding women have increased energy requirements to meet the energy costs of milk production. Some specific nutrient requirements also increase during lactation. Excess alcohol consumption, smoking, illicit drugs, and acute exposures to known toxic substances should be avoided. Some prescription and over-the-counter drugs are suitable for use during lactation, including some pain medications, anti-infectives, anti-hypertensives, and drugs to treat postpartum depression. These should be taken under the advice of a physician.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.