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Congenital infections 

Congenital infections
Chapter:
Congenital infections
Author(s):

Lakshmi Ganapathi

and Tanvi Sharma

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198719830.003.0027
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date: 25 October 2020

Congenital infections are infections that affect the unborn fetus or the newborn. Global estimates of congenital infections have been hard to obtain, given the lack of accurate data from several regions. Clinical signs and symptoms of congenital infections are pathogen-specific but can range from subtle symptoms to a classic constellation of findings. Definitive diagnosis is established by performing pathogen-specific tests in the mother and the newborn. Treatment is also pathogen-specific and is aimed towards addressing long-term sequelae of the infection. Prevention strategies include providing vaccinations to women of childbearing age for vaccine-preventable congenital infections, screening programmes to identify asymptomatically infected mothers, and early treatment of infected mothers.

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