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Sexually transmitted infections: epidemiology and control 

Sexually transmitted infections: epidemiology and control
Chapter:
Sexually transmitted infections: epidemiology and control
Author(s):

Pam Sonnenberg

and Anne Johnson

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198719830.003.0023
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date: 01 December 2020

Sexually transmitted infections are infections that have a significant probability of transmission between humans by means of sexual behaviour, including vaginal intercourse, anal sex, and oral sex. Sexually transmitted infections tend to cause minimal morbidity initially and may be asymptomatic. However, they can cause long-term sequelae and death. Prevention includes primary measures such as sexual health education/promotion, vaccination, male circumcision, and pre- and post-exposure prophylaxis (e.g. human immunodeficiency virus); secondary measures such as detection and treatment programmes for symptomatic individuals, partner notification of exposed individuals, population screening, and occasionally mass treatment; and tertiary prevention which comprises prevention of complications and long-term sequelae (e.g. antiviral drugs).

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