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Vector-borne infections 

Vector-borne infections
Chapter:
Vector-borne infections
Author(s):

Maria Gloria Teixeira

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198719830.003.0020
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date: 21 April 2021

Vector-borne diseases are caused by parasites, viruses, and bacteria transmitted to humans by arthropods. Throughout the history of mankind they have been some of the main causes of morbidity and mortality, but many were controlled. However, in recent decades, several of these conditions have re-emerged with great intensity, becoming important public health problems. This chapter describes the clinical features; epidemiology and global risk; measures of prevention, control, surveillance, and epidemiological investigation; and precautions of international travel for six of the most important vector-borne diseases (malaria, dengue fever, Chagas’ disease, visceral leishmaniasis, sleeping sickness, and yellow fever). Climate change has been highlighted as favouring the re-emergence of these diseases, but anthropogenic factors relating to rapid flow of human populations, animals, and goods between countries and continents, as well as the way of life of populations in large urban centres also underly this phenomenon.

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