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Economic analysis of interventions against infectious diseases 

Economic analysis of interventions against infectious diseases
Economic analysis of interventions against infectious diseases

Mark Jit

and Peter White

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date: 23 June 2021

Health-care resources are scarce, and not all possible needs can be met, so some sort of priority setting (or rationing) is inevitable. The aim of health economic evaluation is not necessarily to save money, but to make the best use of scarce resources by informing decisions on resource allocation using explicit, evidence-based, and needs-based criteria. Economic evaluation compares the costs and consequences of options to find those that achieve the best outcomes based on specified criteria. It is often necessary to compare across diseases using generic measures of health that consider morbidity and mortality, e.g. quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs) and disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs). With infectious diseases, population-level effects of interventions can be both beneficial and detrimental. Effects (on rates of onward transmission) can outlive individual patients. Transmission-dynamic models thus are required, so economic evaluation needs to be performed by analysts familiar with both health economics and the special epidemiological features of infectious diseases.

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