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Andrew Baldwin

, Nina Hjelde

, Charlotte Goumalatsou

, and Gil Myers

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date: 26 January 2021

This chapter explores ophthalmology, including examining eyes, aids to ophthalmoscopy, testing visual acuity, the external eye, tears and lacrimation, orbital swellings and zoster, retinoblastoma, eye movements and squint, pupils and irises, refraction; myopia; astigmatism, visual field defects, the red eye, management of corneal ulcers, sudden painless loss of vision, gradual loss of vision, chronic simple glaucoma, cataract, the retina, the eye in diabetes mellitus, the eye in systemic disease, tropical eye disease, eye trauma, blindness and partial sight, drugs and the eye, contact lenses, blepharospasm, allergic eye disease, floaters, flashes, and haloes, and refractive procedures.

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