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Andrew Baldwin

, Nina Hjelde

, Charlotte Goumalatsou

, and Gil Myers

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date: 23 October 2019

This chapter discusses paediatrics. It includes history and examination, common infant symptoms, neonatal life support (NLS), the neonatal intensive care unit (nicu), ventilatory support for neonates, examination of the neonate, neonatal jaundice, rhesus haemolytic disease, respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) and other neonatal problems, minor neonatal problems, enteral and parenteral nutrition, breastfeeding and bottle feeding, preterm and small-for-dates babies, genitourinary diseases, disorders of sex development, congenital heart disease, murmurs and heart sounds in children, orofacial clefts (cleft lip and palate), neural tube defects (NTDS), measles, rubella, mumps, and erythroviruses, varicella (herpes) zoster virus (VZV), vertical HIV infection, non-accidental injury, sudden unexplained infant death (SUID/SIDS), screening and child health promotion, genetic disease and prevention, genetic counselling, childhood obesity, hypertension in children, upper and lower respiratory infection, cystic fibrosis, asthma in children, infective endocarditis (IE), rheumatic fever, diarrhoea, malnutrition, abdominal pain, abdominal distension, coeliac disease, urinary tract infection (UTI), renal failure and disease, acute glomerulonephritis and nephrotic syndrome, failure to thrive, growth charts, endocrine and metabolic diseases, precocious puberty, diabetes mellitus (DM), diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), poisoning (iron, salicylate, paracetamol), acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL), anaemia, primary antibody deficiencies, raised intercranial pressure, migraine, encephalitis, meningitis, epilepsy and febrile convulsions, behavioural problems, delays in talking and walking, impairment and disability, developmental screening tests, paediatric reference intervals and charts.

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