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Andrew Baldwin

, Nina Hjelde

, Charlotte Goumalatsou

, and Gil Myers

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date: 04 August 2020

This chapter explores orthopaedics. It outlines terminology in orthopaedics, principles of history and examinations (necks, shoulders, elbows, wrist and hand, back), kyphosis and scoliosis, causes of back pain, management of low back pain, specific and/or sinister pain, examining hips and describing gait, painful hips and limping in children, developmental dysplasia, examining knees, pain in the knee, knees that swell, feet, osteomyelitis, bone tumours, congenital disorders of bone and cartilage, osteochondroses, joint replacement, joint aspiration, joint injections, tendons, and soft tissue and sports injury.

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