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Obstetrics 

Obstetrics
Chapter:
Obstetrics
Author(s):

Andrew Baldwin

, Nina Hjelde

, Charlotte Goumalatsou

, and Gil Myers

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198719021.003.0001
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date: 23 October 2019

This chapter explores obstetrics, including obstetric histories, abdominal examination, physiological changes in pregnancy, pre-pregnancy counselling, the placenta, plasma chemistry in pregnancy, antenatal care, structural abnormalities and ultrasound, screening and diagnosis of aneuploidy, minor symptoms of pregnancy, hyperemesis gravidarum, sickle cell disease in pregnancy, cardiac disease in pregnancy, drugs used in psychiatry and epilepsy, anaemia, HIV in pregnancy and labour, diabetes mellitus in pregnancy, thyroid disease in pregnancy, jaundice in pregnancy, malaria, renal disease in pregnancy, epilepsy, respiratory disease in pregnancy, connective tissue diseases in pregnancy, hypertension in pregnancy, thromboprophylaxis, thrombophilia in pregnancy, venous thromboembolism, infection, group B streptococcus (GBS), abdominal pain in pregnancy, sepsis in pregnancy and the puerperium, fetal monitoring in labour, pre-eclampsia, prematurity, small for gestational age (SGA), postmaturity (prolonged pregnancy), maternal collapse, antepartum haemorrhage, prelabour rupture of membranes at term, normal labour, induction of labour, management of delay in labour, home birth, pain relief in labour, multiple pregnancy, breech presentation and other malpresentations/malpositions, cord prolapse, shoulder dystocia, meconium-stained liquor, operative vaginal delivery, caesarean section (CS), uterine rupture, mendelson’s syndrome, stillbirth (intrauterine fetal death, IUD), postpartum haemorrhage (PPH), retained placenta, uterine inversion, placenta praevia, accreta and increta, DIC and coagulation defects, amniotic fluid embolism, birth injuries, episiotomy and tears, the puerperium, maternal and perinatal mortality.

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