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date: 18 August 2019

Chapter 4: Psychiatry

1 Polonius—Shakespeare W. The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hamlet

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12 Dennis AM et al. Expressed emotion and burnout: the experience of staff caring for men with learning disability and psychosis in a medium secure setting. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing 14.3 (2007): 267–276. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-2850.2007.01073.x/fullFind this resource:

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16 Glasberg AL et al. Burnout and ’stress of conscience’among healthcare personnel. Journal of Advanced Nursing 57.4 (2007): 392–403. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-2648.2007.04111.x/pdfFind this resource:

17 Morse G et al. Burnout in mental health services: a review of the problem and its remediation. Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research 39.5 (2012): 341–352. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10488-011-0352-1Find this resource:

18 Moulden HM et al. Vicarious traumatization: the impact on therapists who work with sexual offenders. Trauma Violence Abuse 8.1 (2007): 67–83. PubMed ID: 17204600. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17204600Find this resource:

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20 Dahlin ME et al. Burnout and psychiatric morbidity among medical students entering clinical training: a three year prospective questionnaire and interview-based study. BMC Medical Education 7.1 (2007): 6. http://www.biomedcentral.com/1472-6920/7/6Find this resource:

21 Breitbart W et al. Reframing hope: meaning-centered care for patients near the end of life. Journal of Palliative Medicine 6.6 (2003): 979–988. http://online.liebertpub.com/doi/pdf/10.1089/109662103322654901Find this resource:

22 Gorter, RC et al. A career counseling program for dentists: effects on burnout. Patient Education and Counseling 43.1 (2001): 23–30. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0738399100001415Find this resource:

23 Murdoch JM et al. ‘Stress-busting’ groups for consultant psychiatrists. The Psychiatrist 31.4 (2007): 128–131. http://pb.rcpsych.org/content/31/4/128.shortFind this resource:

24 Browne G et al. Economic evaluations of community-based care: lessons from twelve studies in Ontario. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 5.4 (1999): 367–385. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1046/j.1365-2753.1999.00191.x/abstractFind this resource:

25 Rosenheck RA et al. Cost-effectiveness of intensive psychiatric community care for high users of inpatient services. Archives of General Psychiatry 55.5 (1998): 459–466. http://archneur.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=203887Find this resource:

26 Maden A et al. Offending in psychiatric patients after discharge from medium secure units: prospective national cohort study. BMJ 328.7455 (2004): 1534. http://www.bmj.com/content/328/7455/1534?variant=shortFind this resource:

27 Dieterich M, Irving CB, Park B, Marshall M. Intensive case management for severe mental illness. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2010, Issue 10. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/enhanced/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD007906.pub2Find this resource:

28 Marshall M et al. Assertive community treatment for people with severe mental disorders. The Cochrane Library (2011). http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD001089/pdf/

29 Petersen L et al. A randomised multicentre trial of integrated versus standard treatment for patients with a first episode of psychotic illness. BMJ 331.7517 (2005): 602. http://www.bmj.com/content/331/7517/602.shortFind this resource:

30 Hellerstein DJ et al. Integrating services for schizophrenia and substance abuse. Psychiatric Quarterly 72.4 (2001): 291–306. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1023/A:1010385114289Find this resource:

31 Jeffery D et al. Treatment programmes for people with both severe mental illness and substance misuse. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2 (2000):CD001088. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11034697Find this resource:

32 Wiersma D et al. Natural course of schizophrenic disorders: a 15-year followup of a Dutch incidence cohort. Schizophrenia Bulletin 24.1 (1998):75. http://psycnet.apa.org/journals/szb/24/1/75/Find this resource:

33 Mueser KT et al. Schizophrenia. The Lancet 2004;363:2063–2072. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15207959Find this resource:

34 van Os J et al. Schizophrenia. The Lancet 374 (2009): 635–645. http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(09)60995-8/abstractFind this resource:

35 Kramlinger KG et al. Adding lithium carbonate to carbamazepine: antimanic efficacy in treatment-resistant mania. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica 79.4 (1989): 378–385. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1600-0447.1989.tb10273.x/abstractFind this resource:

36 Miller DS et al. Comparative efficacy of typical and atypical antipsychotics as add-on therapy to mood stabilizers in the treatment of acute mania. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry 62.12 (2001): 975–980. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11780879Find this resource:

37 Tohen M et al. Efficacy of olanzapine in combination with valproate or lithium in the treatment of mania in patients partially nonresponsive to valproate or lithium monotherapy. Archives of General Psychiatry 2002;59:62–69. http://archpsyc.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=205956Find this resource:

38 Sachs GS et al. The expert consensus guideline series: medication treatment of bipolar disorder. Postgraduate Medicine 1 (2000): 1–104. http://files.getaufc.webnode.com.br/200000231-e511ee60c3/Bipolar_2000.pdfFind this resource:

39 Compton MT et al. The treatment of bipolar depression. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry 61 (2000):57–67. http://psycnet.apa.org/psycinfo/2000-15744-009Find this resource:

40 Mukherjee S et al. Electroconvulsive therapy of acute manic episodes: a review of 50 years’ experience. American Journal of Psychiatry 151.2 (1994): 169–176. http://ajp.psychiatryonline.org/doi/abs/10.1176/ajp.151.2.169Find this resource:

41 Sarris J et al. Omega-3 for bipolar disorder: meta-analyses of use in mania and bipolar depression. The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry 73.1 (2012): 81–86. http://europepmc.org/abstract/med/21903025Find this resource:

42 Wiersma D et al. Natural course of schizophrenic disorders: a 15-year followup of a Dutch incidence cohort. Schizophrenia Bulletin 24.1 (1998): 75. http://psycnet.apa.org/journals/szb/24/1/75/Find this resource:

43 Mueser KT et al. Schizophrenia. The Lancet 363 (2004):2063–2072. PubMed ID: 15207959. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15207959Find this resource:

44 ‘Schizophrenia’ term ought to be abolished” http://www.bio-medicine.org/medicine-news/-u2018Schizophrenia-u2019-term-ought-to-be-abolishd-14857-1/

45 Stefansson H et al. Neuregulin I and susceptibilityto schizophrenia. American Journal of Human Genetics 71 (2002):877–892. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12145742Find this resource:

46 Straub RE et al. Genetic variation in the 6p22 gene DTNBPI, the human ortholog of the mouse dysbindin gene, is associated with schizophrenia. American Journal of Human Genetics 71 (2002):337–348. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12098102Find this resource:

47 Caspi A et al. Moderation of the effect of adolescent-onset cannabis use on adult psychosis by a functional polymorphism in the catechol-O-methyltransferase gene: longitudinal evidence of a gene x environment interaction. Biological Psychiatry 57.10 (2005): 1117–1127. PubMed ID: 15866551. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15866551Find this resource:

48 Murray R. New ways of thinking about and treating psychosis. Keynote lecture. Progress in Neurology and Psychiatry 8.8 (2004): 20–26. http://www.progressnp.com/Find this resource:

49 Andreasson S et al. Cannabis and schizophrenia. A longitudinal study of Swedish conscripts. The Lancet 2 (1987):1483–1486 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2892048Find this resource:

50 Arseneault L et al. Cannabis use in adolescence and risk for adult psychosis: longitudinal prospective study. BMJ 325 (2002):1212–1213 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12446537Find this resource:

51 Jones P et al. Child development risk factors for adult schizophrenia in the British 1946 cohort. The Lancet 344 (1994): 1398–1402 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7968076Find this resource:

52 Jones P et al. Schizophrenia as a long-term outcome of pregnancy, delivery and perinatal complications: a 28-year follow-up of the 1966 north Finland general population cohort. American Journal of Psychiatry 155.3 (1998):355–364 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9501745Find this resource:

53 Boos HB et al. Brain volumes in relatives of patients with schizophrenia: a meta-analysis. Archives of General Psychiatry 64.3 (2007): 297–304. PubMed ID: 17339518. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17339518Find this resource:

54 Puri BK et al. Revision notes in psychiatry, 2nd ed. London: Arnold; 2002, 377–378. ISBN 0340761318 http://www.arnoldpublishers.com/Find this resource:

55 Dorph-Petersen KA et al. The influence of chronic exposure to antipsychotic medications on brain size before and after tissue fixation: a comparison of haloperidol and olanzapine in macaque monkeys. Neuropsychopharmacology 30.9 (2005): 1649–1661. PubMed ID: 15756305. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15756305Find this resource:

56 Murray RM et al. A neurodevelopmental approach to the classification to schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Bulletin 18 (1992): 319–332. http://sun.bma.org.uk/ovidweb_T/ovidweb.cgiFind this resource:

57 Murray RM. New ways of thinking about and treating psychosis. Keynote lecture. Progress in Neurology and Psychiatry 8.8 (2004): 20–26 http://www.progressnp.comFind this resource:

58 Marshall M et al. Association between duration of untreated psychosis and outcome in cohorts of first-episode patients: a systematic review. Archives of General Psychiatry 62.9 (2005): 975–983. http://archneur.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=1108403Find this resource:

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60 Awad AG et al. The burden of schizophrenia on caregivers. Pharmacoeconomics 26.2 (2008): 149–162. http://link.springer.com/article/10.2165/00019053-200826020-00005Find this resource:

61 Bressi C et al. Systemic family therapy in schizophrenia: a randomized clinical trial of effectiveness. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics 77.1 (2008): 43–49. http://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/110059Find this resource:

62 Morgan VA et al. Do women express and experience psychosis differently from men? Epidemiological evidence from the Australian National Study of Low Prevalence (Psychotic) Disorders. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry 42.1 (2008): 74–82. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18058447Find this resource:

63 Amos AJ. A review of spin and bias use in the early intervention in psychosis literature. The Primary Care Companion for CNS Disorders 16.1 (2014). http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4048144/Find this resource:

64 Bagnall A-M et al. A systematic review of atypical antipsychotic drugs in schizophrenia. Health Technology Assessment 37.13 (2003): 1–193. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12925268Find this resource:

65 Davis JM et al. A meta-analysis of the efficacy of second generation antipsychotics. Archives of General Psychiatry 60 (2003):553–564. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12796218Find this resource:

66 Leucht S et al. Relapse prevention in schizophrenia with new-generation antipsychotic: a systematic review and exploratory meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. American Journal of Psychiatry 160 (2003):1209–1222. PubMed ID: 12832232 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12832232Find this resource:

67 Taylor M et al. ‘Do unto others as…’--which treatments do psychiatrists prefer? Scottish Medical Journal 52.1 (2007):17–19. PubMed ID: 17373419 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17373419Find this resource:

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69 Suzuki T et al. Revising polypharmacy to a single antipsychotic regimen for patients with chronic schizophrenia. The International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology 7.02 (2004): 133–142. http://journals.cambridge.org/abstract_S1461145703004012Find this resource:

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71 Arvanitis LA et al. Multiple fixed doses of “Seroquel”(quetiapine) in patients with acute exacerbation of schizophrenia: a comparison with haloperidol and placebo. Biological Psychiatry 42.4 (1997): 233–246. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9270900Find this resource:

72 Volavka J et al. Prolactin levels in schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder patients treated with clozapine, olanzapine, risperidone, or haloperidol. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry 2004; 65:57–61. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14744169Find this resource:

73 Costa AM et al. A naturalistic, 9-month follow-up, comparing olanzapine and conventional antipsychotics on sexual function and hormonal profile for males with schizophrenia. Journal of Psychopharmacology 21.2 (2007): 161–170. PubMed ID: 17329296. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17329296Find this resource:

74 Holtmann M et al. Risperidone-associated ejaculatory and urinary dysfunction in male adolescents. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology 13.1 (2003): 107–109. PubMed ID: 12804132 http://pubmedhh.nlm.nih.gov/cgi-bin/abstract.cgi?id=12804132&from=cqsrFind this resource:

75 Compton MT. Risperidone-induced ejaculatory disturbances. Psychiatric Services 53.3 (2002):347. http://ps.psychiatryonline.org/cgi/content/full/53/3/347Find this resource:

76 Rosenberg KP et al. A survey of sexual side effects among severely mentally ill patients taking psychotropic medications: impact on compliance. Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy 29.4 (2003):289–296. PubMed ID: 14504017. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/=1450401Find this resource:

77 Keller R et al. Switch to quetiapine in antipsychotic agent-related hyperprolactinemia. Neurological Sciences 23.5 (2002): 233–235. PubMed ID: 12522680. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12522680Find this resource:

78 Taylor DM et al. Atypical antipsychotics and weight gain- a systematic review. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica 101 (2000):416–432 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10868465Find this resource:

79 American diabetes Association et al. Consensus development conference on antipsychotic drugs and obesity and diabetes. Diabetes Care 2004; 27:596–601 http://www.diabetes.org/for-media/2004-press-releases/jan-27-04.jspFind this resource:

80 Gill SS et al. Atypical antipsychotic drugs and risk of ischaemic stroke: population based retrospective cohort study. BMJ 330.7489 (2005): 445. http://www.bmj.com/content/330/7489/445.shortFind this resource:

81 Gordon C et al. Do all relapses in schizophrenia warrant resumption of medication?. The American Journal of Psychiatry 168.9 (2011): 987. PubMed ID: 21890806 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21890806Find this resource:

82 Geddes JR et al. Relapse prevention with antidepressant drug treatment in depressive disorders: a systematic review. The Lancet 2003;361:653–661. PubMed ID: 12606176 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12606176Find this resource:

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92 Stahl SM. Stahl’s essential psychpharmacology. Neuroscientific basis and practical applications, 2nd ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press; 2000 http://uk.cambridge.org/catalogue/catalogue.asp?isbn=0521646154Find this resource:

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94 Sproule B. Lithium in bipolar disorder: can drug concentrations predict therapeutic effect? Clinical Pharmacokinetics 41.9 (2002):639–660. PubMed ID: 12126457 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12126457Find this resource:

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99 Cipriani A et al. Haloperidol alone or in combination for acute mania. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 3 (2006):CD004362. PubMed ID: 16856043. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16856043Find this resource:

100 Kramlinger et al. ADDing lithium carbonate to carbemazepine: antimanic efficacy in treatment resistant mania. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica 79 (1989):378–385. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2500006Find this resource:

101 Miller DS et al. Comparitive efficacy of typical and atypical antipsychotics as add-on therapy to mood stabilizers in the treatment of acute mania. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry 62 (2001):975–980. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11780879Find this resource:

102 Tohen M et al. Efficacy of olanzapine in combination with valproate or lithium in the treatment of mania in patients partially nonresponsive to valproate or lithium monotherapy. Archives of General Psychiatry 59 (2002):62–69. http://archpsyc.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/abstract/57/9/841Find this resource:

103 Sachs GS. The Expert Consensus Guideline Series: Medication Treatment of Bipolar Disorder 2000. Postgraduate Medicine Special Issue (2000):1–104. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10895797Find this resource:

104 Compton MT. The treatment of bipolar depression. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry 2000;61 Suppl 9:57–67. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10826663Find this resource:

105 Mukherjee S et al. Electroconvulsive therapy of acute manic episodes: a review of 50 years’ experience. American Journal of Psychiatry 1994;151:169–176. PubMed ID: 8296883 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8296883Find this resource:

106 Sarris J et al. Omega-3 for bipolar disorder: meta-analyses of use in mania and bipolar depression. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry 73.1 (2012):81–86. PubMed ID: 21903025 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/m/pubmed/21903025/Find this resource:

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119 Galea S. Psychological sequelae of the September 11 terrorist attacks in New York City. New England Journal of Medicine 346.13 (2002):982–987. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11919308Find this resource:

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