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Emergency medicine 

Emergency medicine
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date: 19 August 2019

Chapter 13: Emergency medicine

1 The Dali museum website http://thedali.org/

2 Murphy AW, Bury G, Plunkett PK, et al. Randomised controlled trial of general practitioner versus usual medical care in an urban accident and emergency department: process, outcome, and comparative cost. BMJ 1996; 312(7039):1135–42 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8620132Find this resource:

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4 Moore L, Deehan A, Seed P. Characteristics of frequent attenders in an emergency department: analysis of 1-year attendance data. EMJ 2009; 26:263–7 http://link.springer.com/article/10.1186%2F1471-227X-11-21Find this resource:

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11 Ong S, Moran GJ, Krishnadasan A, et al. Antibiotic prescribing practices of emergency physicians and patient expectations for uncomplicated lacerations. West J Emerg Med 2011; 12(4):375–80 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22224123Find this resource:

12 Henton J, Jain A. Cochrane corner: antibiotic prophylaxis for mammalian bites (intervention review). J Hand Surg Eur 2012; 37:804–6 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23042781Find this resource:

13 Smith MT, Wong RK. Foreign bodies. Gastrointest Endosc Clin N Am 2007; 17(2):361–82 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17556153Find this resource:

14 Krishna MT, Ewan PW, Diwakar L, et al. Diagnosis and management of hymenoptera venom allergy: British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology (BSACI) guidelines. Clin Exp Allergy 2011; 41(9):1201–20 http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-2222.2011.03788.x/pdfFind this resource:

15 Søreide K. Epidemiology of major trauma. Br J Surg 2009, 96(7):697–8 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19526611Find this resource:

16 NHS EnglandFind this resource:

17 Trunkey DD. Trauma. Sci Am 1983; 249:28–35 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/6623052Find this resource:

18 Gunst M, Ghaemmaghami V, Gruszecki A, et al. Changing epidemiology of trauma deaths leads to a bimodal distribution. Proc (Bayl Univ Med Cent) 2010; 23:349–54 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20944754Find this resource:

19 Perkins GD, Lall R, Quinn T, et al. Mechanical versus manual chest compression for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (PARAMEDIC): a pragmatic, cluster randomised controlled trial. Lancet 2015; 385(9972):947–55 http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(14)61886-9/fulltextFind this resource:

20 NHS England. NHS standard contract for major trauma service (all ages). Schedule 2- The services A. Service specifications http://www.england.nhs.uk/wp-content/uploads/2014/04/d15-major-trauma-0414.pdf

21 Murthy TVSP, Bhatia P, Gogna RL, et al. Airway management: uncleared cervical spine injury. Ind J Neurotrauma 2005; 2:99–101 http://medind.nic.in/icf/t05/i2/icft05i2p99.pdfFind this resource:

22 Miraflor E, Chuang K, Miranda MA, et al. Timing is everything: delayed intubation is associated with increased mortality in initially stable trauma patients. J Surg Res 2011, 170:286–90 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21550060Find this resource:

23 Conrad BP, Rossi GD, Horodyski MB, et al. Eliminating log rolling as a spine trauma order. Surg Neurol Int 2012; 3(Suppl S3):188–97 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22905325Find this resource:

24 Day MW. Intraosseous devices for intravascular access in adult trauma patients. Crit Care Nurse 2011; 31(2):76–89 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21459867Find this resource:

25 Vardi A, Berkenstadt H, Levin I, et al. Intraosseous vascular access in the treatment of chemical warfare casualties assessed by advanced simulation: proposed alteration of treatment protocol. Anesth Analg 2004; 98(6):1753–8 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15155341Find this resource:

26 Ball CG. Damage control resuscitation: history, theory and technique. Can J Surg 2014; 57:55–60 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24461267Find this resource:

27 Ley EJ, Clond MA, Srour MK, et al. Emergency department crystalloid resuscitation of 1.5 L or more is associated with increased mortality in elderly and nonelderly trauma patients. J Trauma 2011; 70:398–400 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21307740Find this resource:

28 James MF, Michell WL, Joubert IA, et al. Resuscitation with hydroxyethyl starch improves renal function and lactate clearance in penetrating trauma in a randomized controlled study: the FIRST trial (Fluids in Resuscitation of Severe Trauma). Br J Anaesth 2011; 107:693–702 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21857015Find this resource:

29 Miller TE: New evidence in trauma resuscitation – is 1:1:1 the answer? Periop Med 2013;2:13 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24472306Find this resource:

30 Spinella PC. Warm fresh whole blood transfusion for severe hemorrhage: U.S. military and potential civilian applications. Crit Care Med 2008;36(7 Suppl):S340–S345 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18594261Find this resource:

31 Guly HR, Bouamra O, Spiers M, et al. Vital signs and estimated blood loss in patients with major trauma: testing the validity of the ATLS classification of hypovolaemic shock. Resuscitation 2011; 82:556–9 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21349628Find this resource:

32 Mitra B, Tullio F, Cameron PA, et al. Trauma patients with the ‘triad of death’. Emerg Med J 2012; 29:622–5 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21785151Find this resource:

33 Jurkovich GJ, Greiser WB, Luterman A, et al. Hypothermia in trauma victims: an ominous predictor of survival. J Trauma 1987; 27:1019–24 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3656464Find this resource:

34 Maegele M, Lefering R, Yucel N, et al. Early coagulopathy in multiple injury: an analysis from the German Trauma Registry on 8,724 patients. Injury 2007;38(3):298–304 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17214989Find this resource:

35 Gruen RL, Jurkovich GJ, McIntyre LK, et al. Patterns of errors contributing to trauma mortality: lessons learned from 2,594 deaths. Ann Surg 2006, 244:371–80 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16926563Find this resource:

36 Hughes SCA. ATLS secondary survey mnemonic: Has My Critical Care Assessed Patient’s Priorities Or Next Management Decision? Emerg Med J 2006; 23(8): 661–2 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2564187/Find this resource:

37 Jackson L. Use of troponin for the diagnosis of myocardial contusion after blunt chest trauma. BestBETs; 2005 http://bestbets.org/bets/bet.php?id=464

38 ICRP. The 2007 recommendations of the International Commission on Radiological Protection. ICRP Publication 103. Ann ICRP 2007; 37(2–4). http://www.icrp.org/publication.asp?id=ICRP%20Publication%20103Find this resource:

39 NICE. Head injury: assessment and early management (Clinical Guidance 176). London: NICE; 2014. http://www.nice.org.uk/guidance/cg176Find this resource:

40 Rendell S, Batchelor JS. An analysis of predictive markers for intracranial haemorrhage in warfarinised head injury patients. Emerg Med J 2013; 30(1):28–31 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22362648Find this resource:

41 Nishijima DK, Offerman SR, Ballard DW, et al. Immediate and delayed traumatic intracranial hemorrhage in patients with head trauma and preinjury warfarin or clopidogrel use. Ann Emerg Med 2012; 59:460–8 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22626015Find this resource:

42 Ball C, Kirkpatrick A, D’Amours S. The RAPTOR: resuscitation with angiography, percutaneous techniques and operative repair. Transforming the discipline of trauma surgery. Can J Surg 2011;54:E3–E4 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21933518Find this resource:

43 Rang M, Pring ME, Wenger DR. Rang’s children’s fractures. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2005.Find this resource:

44 Cullinane DC, Schiller HJ, Zielinski MD, et al. Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma practice management guidelines for hemorrhage in pelvic fracture–update and systematic review. J Trauma 2011; 71(6):1850–68 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22182895Find this resource:

45 Skinner DV, Driscoll PA (eds). ABC of major trauma, 4th ed. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell; 2013, 117Find this resource: