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Orthopaedics 

Orthopaedics
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date: 23 October 2019

Chapter 11: Orthopaedics

1 Bachmann LM et al. Accuracy of Ottawa ankle rules to exclude fractures of the ankle and mid-foot: systematic review. BMJ 2003; 326(7386):417. PubMed ID: 12595378 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC149439/Find this resource:

2 Mani N et al. What Three Wise Men have to say about diagnosis. BMJ 2011;343:d7769. Pub Med ID: 22187188 http://www.bmj.com/content/343/bmj.d7769?hwoasp=authn%3A1425904980%3A4044180%3A1375853710%3A0%3A0%3AqZIJSqqEfVSAHYxALmd%2BWg%3D%3DFind this resource:

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6 Wang J et al. Selective peripheral denervation for the treatment of spasmodic torticollis: long-term follow-up results from 648 patients. Acta Neurochir (Wien) 2015; 157(3):427–33. PubMed ID: 25616622 http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00701-015-2348-1#page-1Find this resource:

7 Cheng JC. Infantile torticollis: a review of 624 cases. J Pediatr Orthop 1994; 14(6):802–8. PubMed ID: 7814599 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7814599Find this resource:

8 Teasell RW et al. A research synthesis of therapeutic interventions for whiplash-associated disorder (WAD): part 2 - interventions for acute WAD. Pain Res Manag 2010; 15(5):295–304. PubMed ID: 21038008 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21038008Find this resource:

9 Papatheodorou A et al. US of the shoulder: rotator cuff and non-rotator cuff disorders. Radiographics 2006; 26(1):e23. PubMed ID: 16352733 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16352733Find this resource:

10 Schibany N et al. Rotator cuff tears in asymptomatic individuals: a clinical and ultrasono-graphic screening study. Eur J Radiol 2004; 51(3):263–8. PubMed ID: 15294335 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15294335Find this resource:

11 Buchbinder R et al. Corticosteroid injections for shoulder pain. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2003; 1:CD004016. PubMed ID: 15294335 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15294335Find this resource:

12 Magaji SA et al. Arthroscopic subacromial decompression is effective in selected patients with shoulder impingement syndrome. J Bone Joint Surg Br 2012; 94(8):1086–9. PubMed ID: 22844050 http://www.bjj.boneandjoint.org.uk/content/94-B/8/1086.shortFind this resource:

13 Smith C et al. The sourcil sign: a useful finding on plain X-ray? Shoulder Elbow 2010; 2:9–12 http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1758-5740.2009.00034.x/pdfFind this resource:

14 Buchbinder R, Green S, Youd JM. Corticosteroid injections for shoulder pain. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2003; 1:CD004016. PubMed ID: 12535501 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12535501Find this resource:

15 Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: Plain Language Summaries. Oral steroids for shoulder pain (adhesive capsulitis). 2009 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0013794/

16 Haines JF et al. The results of arthroplasty in osteoarthritis of the shoulder. J Bone Joint Surg Br 2006; 88(4):496–501. PubMed ID: 16567785 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16567785Find this resource:

17 Smidt N et al. Corticosteroid injections, physiotherapy, or a wait-and-see policy for lateral epicondylitis: a randomised controlled trial. Lancet 2002; 359(9307):657–62. PubMed ID: 11879861 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11879861Find this resource:

18 NICE. Autologous blood injection for tendinopathy (IPG 438). NICE; 2013 https://www.nice.org.uk/guidance/ipg438

19 Gilpin D et al. Injectable collagenase Clostridium histolyticum: a new nonsurgical treatment for Dupuytren’s disease. J Hand Surg Am 2010; 35(12):2027–38.e1. PubMed ID: 21134613 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21134613Find this resource:

20 NICE. Needle fasciotomy for Dupuytren’s contracture (IPG 43). NICE; 2004 https://www.nice.org.uk/guidance/ipg43

21 Head L et al. Wrist ganglion treatment: systematic review and meta-analysis. J Hand Surg Am 2015; 40(3):546–53.e8. PubMed ID: 25708437 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0363502314017195Find this resource:

22 Scheller A et al. Long-term results of surgical release of de Quervain’s stenosing tenosynovitis. Int Orthop 2009; 33(5):1301–3. PubMed ID: 18956185 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18956185Find this resource:

23 Huisstede BM et al. Multidisciplinary consensus guideline for managing trigger finger: results From the European HANDGUIDE Study. Phys Ther 2014; 94(10):1421–33. PubMed ID: 24810861 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24810861Find this resource:

24 TUC. 4.9 million lost work days is a pain in the back. TUC; 2005 http://www.tuc.org.uk/workplace-issues/health-and-safety/manual-handling/training/49-million-lost-work-days-pain-back

25 Andersen JC. Is immediate imaging important in managing low back pain? J Athl Train 2011; 46(1):99–102. PubMed ID: 21214357 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21214357Find this resource:

26 Balague F et al. Non-specific low back pain. Lancet 2012; 379(9814):482–91. PubMed ID: 21982256 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21982256Find this resource:

27 Nicholas MK et al. Early identification and management of psychological risk factors (“yellow flags“) in patients with low back pain: a reappraisal. Phys Ther 2011; 91(5):737–53. PubMed ID: 21451099 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21451099Find this resource:

28 Hartvigsen J et al. Does sitting at work cause low back pain? Ugeskr Laeger 2002; 164(6):759–61. PubMed ID: 11851181 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11851181Find this resource:

29 Chen SM et al. Sedentary lifestyle as a risk factor for low back pain: a systematic review. Int Arch Occup Environ Health 2009; 82(7):797–806. PubMed ID: 19301029 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19301029Find this resource:

30 Wai EK et al. Causal assessment of occupational carrying and low back pain: results of a systematic review. Spine J 2010; 10(7):628–38. PubMed ID: 20447872 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20447872Find this resource:

31 Staiger TO et al. Systematic review of antidepressants in the treatment of chronic low back pain. Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 2003; 28(22):2540–5. PubMed ID: 14624092 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14624092Find this resource:

32 Peul WC et al. Surgery versus prolonged conservative treatment for sciatica. N Engl J Med 2007; 356(22):2245–56. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/Find this resource:

33 Termaat MF et al. The accuracy of diagnostic imaging for the assessment of chronic os-teomyelitis: a systematic review and meta- analysis. J Bone Joint Surg Am 2005; 87(11):2464–71. PubMed ID: 16264122 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16264122Find this resource:

34 Jutte PC et al. Not enough evidence on the routine use of surgery in addition to drug treatment for people with tuberculosis of the spine. The Cochrane Library; 2006 http://www.cochrane.org/CD004532/INFECTN_not-enough-evidence-on-the-routine-use-of-surgery-in-addition-to-drug-treatment-for-people-with-tuberculosis-of-the-spine

35 Taekema H et al. Distinguishing between septic arthritis of the hip and transient synovitis in children. BestBETs; 2009 http://bestbets.org/bets/bet.php?id=1072

36 Furnes O et al. Hip disease and the prognosis of total hip replacements. A review of 53,698 primary total hip replacements reported to the Norwegian arthroplasty register 1987–99. J Bone Joint Surg Br 2001; 83:579–86. PubMed ID: 11380136 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11380136Find this resource:

37 Shorter D et al. Cochrane Review: Screening programmes for developmental dysplasia of the hip in newborn infants. Evid Based Child Health 2013; 8(1):11–54. PubMed ID:23878122 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23878122Find this resource:

38 Jowett CR et al. Management of congenital talipes equinovarus using the Ponseti method: a systematic review. J Bone Joint Surg Br 2011; 93(9):1160–4. PubMed ID: 21911524 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21911524Find this resource:

39 Maxwell SL et al. Clinical screening for developmental dysplasia of the hip in Northern Ireland. BMJ 2002; 324(7344):1031–3. PubMed ID: 11976249 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11976249Find this resource:

40 Hegedus EJ et al. Physical examination tests for assessing a torn meniscus in the knee: a systematic review with meta-analysis. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 2007; 37(9):541–50. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17939613Find this resource:

41 Bolgla LA et al. An update for the conservative management of patellofemoral pain syndrome: a systematic review of the literature from 2000 to 2010. Int J Sports Phys Ther 2011; 6(2):112–25 PubMed ID: 21713229 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21713229Find this resource:

42 Jonsson P et al. Superior results with eccentric compared to concentric quadriceps training in patients with jumper’s knee: a prospective randomised study. Br J Sports Med 2005; 39(11):847–50. PubMed ID: 16244196 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16244196Find this resource:

43 Subhawong TK et al. Superolateral Hoffa’s fat pad edema: association with patellofemoral maltracking and impingement. AJR. Am J Roentgenol 2010;195(6):1367–73. PubMed ID: 21098197 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21098197Find this resource:

44 Srikanth VK et al. A meta-analysis of sex differences prevalence, incidence and severity of osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis Cartilage 2005; 13(9):769–81. PubMed ID: 15978850 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15978850Find this resource:

45 Felson DT et al. Weight loss reduces the risk for symptomatic knee osteoarthritis in women. The Framingham Study. Ann Intern Med 1992; 116(7):535–9. PubMed ID: 1543306 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1543306Find this resource:

46 http://bmjopen.bmj.com/content/2/1/e000332.full

47 NICE. Clinical Knowledge Summaries. Bunions. NICE; 2012 http://cks.nice.org.uk/bunions#!topicsummary

48 Orchard J. Plantar fasciitis. BMJ 2012;345:e6603. PubMed ID: 23054045 http://www.bmj.com/content/345/bmj.e6603?variant=long&hwoasp=authn%3A1422963358%3A7459015%3A2548069844%3A0%3A0%3A4aro0wL8cc2INI1IWRTDyA%3D%3DFind this resource:

49 Eekhof JA et al. Interventions for ingrowing toenails. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2012; 4:CD001541. PubMed ID: 22513901 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22513901Find this resource:

50 Hassouna H et al. Morton’s metatarsalgia: pathogenesis, aetiology and current management. Acta Orthop Belg 2005; 71(6):646–55. PubMed ID: 16459852 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16459852Find this resource:

51 Eekhof JAH. Minor ailments in primary care. Amsterdam: Elsevier/Butterworth-Heinemann; 2005Find this resource:

52 Coughlin MJ et al. Operative repair of fourth and fifth toe corns. Foot Ankle Int 2003; 24(2):147–57. PubMed ID: 12627623 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12627623Find this resource:

53 Skinner HB. Current diagnosis & treatment in orthopaedics, 4th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill Medical; 2010Find this resource:

54 Burnett MW et al. Etiology of osteomyelitis complicating sickle cell disease. Pediatrics 1998; 101(2):296–7. PubMed ID: 9445507 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9445507Find this resource:

55 Senneville E et al. Needle puncture and transcutaneous bone biopsy cultures are inconsistent in patients with diabetes and suspected osteomyelitis of the foot. Clin Infect Dis 2009; 48(7):888–93. PubMed ID: 19228109 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19228109Find this resource:

56 Prandini N et al. Nuclear medicine imaging of bone infections. Nucl Med Commun 2006; 27(8):633–44. PubMed ID: 16829764 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16829764Find this resource:

57 Lipsky BA et al. Diagnosis and treatment of diabetic foot infections. Clin Infect Dis 2004; 39(7):885–910 http://cid.oxfordjournals.org/content/39/7/885.fullFind this resource:

58 Mehlman CT et al. Osteosarcoma treatment & management. MedScape; 2014 http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1256857-treatment#showall

59 Cotterill SJ et al. Prognostic factors in Ewing’s tumor of bone: analysis of 975 patients from the European Intergroup Cooperative Ewing’s Sarcoma Study Group. J Clin Oncol 2000; 18(17):3108–14. PubMed ID: 10963639 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10963639Find this resource:

60 Rosenthal DI. Radiofrequency treatment. Orthop Clin North Am 2006; 37(3):475–84, viii. PubMed ID: 16846772 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16846772Find this resource:

61 Kitsoulis P et al. Osteoid osteoma. Acta Orthop Belg 2006; 72(2):119–25. PubMed ID: 16768252 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16768252Find this resource:

62 NICE. Trabectedin for the treatment of advanced soft tissue sarcoma (TA 105). NICE; 2010 https://www.nice.org.uk/guidance/ta185

63 Phillipi CA et al. Bisphosphonate therapy for osteogenesis imperfecta. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2008; 4:CD005088. PubMed ID: 18843680 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18843680Find this resource:

64 Niyibizi C et al. Gene therapy approaches for osteogenesis imperfecta. Gene Ther 2004; 11(4):408–16. PubMed ID: 14724682 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14724682Find this resource:

65 Wright MJ et al. Clinical management of achondroplasia. Arch Dis Child 2012; 2012; 97(2):129–34. Pub Med ID: 21460402 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21460402Find this resource:

66 Hertel NT et al. Growth hormone treatment in 35 prepubertal children with achondroplasia: a five-year dose-response trial. Acta Paediatr 2005; 94(10):1402–10. PubMed ID: 16299871 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16299871Find this resource:

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68 Scharfbillig RW et al. Sever’s disease: what does the literature really Tell us? J Am Podiatr Med Assoc 2008; 98:212–23. http://www.japmaonline.org/doi/abs/10.7547/0980212Find this resource:

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70 Royal College of Surgeons. Get well soon: Helping you to make a speedy recovery after total hip replacement. https://www.rcseng.ac.uk/patients/recovering-from-surgery/total-hip-replacement

71 Williams O. Mortality, morbidity, and 1-year outcomes of primary elective total hip arthroplasty. J Arthroplasty 2002; 17(2):165–71. PubMed ID: 11847614 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11847614Find this resource:

72 Mahomed NN et al. Rates and outcomes of primary and revision total hip replacement in the United States medicare population. J Bone Joint Surg Am 2003; 85-A(1):27–32. PubMed ID: 12533568 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12533568Find this resource:

73 Parvizi J et al. Thirty-day mortality following hip arthroplasty for acute fracture. J Bone Joint Surg Am 2004; 86-A(9):1983–8. PubMed ID: 15342761 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15342761Find this resource:

74 Bowden G et al. (eds) Oxford handbook of orthopaedics and trauma. Oxford: Oxford University Press; 2010, 432Find this resource:

75 Curtin BM et al. Bisphosphonate fractures as a cause of painful total hip arthroplasty. Orthopedics 2011; 34(12):e939–44. PubMed ID: 22146214 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22146214Find this resource:

76 Bedair H et al. The Mark Coventry Award: diagnosis of early postoperative TKA infection using synovial fluid analysis. Clin Orthop Relat Res 2011; 469(1):34–40. PubMed ID: 20585914 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3008895/Find this resource:

77 AAOS. Prevention of orthopaedic implant infection in patients undergoing dental procedures. AAOS Clinical Practice Guideline Unit; 2012 http://www.aaos.org/Research/guidelines/PUDP/PUDP_guideline.pdf

78 Jones A. Importance of placement of intra-articular steroid injections. BMJ 1993; 307(6915):1329–30. PubMed ID: 8257889 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8257889Find this resource:

79 Middleton SD et al. Carpal tunnel syndrome. BMJ 2014; 349:g6437 http://www.bmj.com/content/349/bmj.g6437?hwoasp=authn%3A1425729638%3A4044180%3A3259582730%3A0%3A0%3AOfmHz5FHIPSxfWFZnDz4aw%3D%3DFind this resource:

80 Gerritsen AA et al. Splinting vs surgery in the treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome: a randomized controlled trial. JAMA 2002; 288:1245–51. PubMed ID: 12215131 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12215131Find this resource:

81 Atroshi I et al. Methylprednisolone injections for the carpal tunnel syndrome: a randomized, placebo-controlled trial. Ann Intern Med 2013; 159(5):309–17. PubMed ID: 24026316 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24026316Find this resource:

82 Turner A et al. Can the outcome of open carpal tunnel release be predicted? a review of the literature. Aust N Z J Surg 2010;80:50–4. PubMed ID: 20575880 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20575880Find this resource:

83 Vasiliadis HS et al. Endoscopic release for carpal tunnel syndrome. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2014; 1:CD008265. PubMed ID: 24482073 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24482073Find this resource:

84 Bloom JE et al. Image-guided versus blind glucocorticoid injection for shoulder pain. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2012; 8:CD009147. PubMed ID: 22895984 http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD009147.pub2/abstractFind this resource:

85 Wind WM et al. Reliability of common knee injection sites with low- volume injections. J Arthroplasty 2004; 19(7):858–61. PubMed ID: 15483801 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15483801Find this resource:

86 Sibbitt WL et al. Does ultrasound guidance improve the outcomes of arthrocentesis and corticosteroid injection of the knee? Scand J Rheumatol 2012; 1:66–72. PubMed ID: 22103390 http://informahealthcare.com/doi/abs/10.3109/03009742.2011.599071Find this resource:

87 Hashiuchi T et al. Accuracy of the biceps tendon sheath injection: ultrasound-guided or unguided injection? A randomized controlled trial. J Shoulder Elbow Surg 2011; 20(7):1069–73. PubMed ID: 21782470 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21782470Find this resource:

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89 Smit J et al. Treatment options for Mallet finger: a review. Plast Reconstr Surg 2010; 126(5):1624–9. PubMed ID: 21042117 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21042117Find this resource:

90 Khan RJ et al. Surgical interventions for treating acute Achilles tendon ruptures. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2010; 9:CD003674. PubMed ID: 20824836 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20824836Find this resource:

91 Chamseddine A et al. [Simultaneous bilateral spontaneous rupture of the quadriceps tendon. Apropos of a case of a hemodialysis patient with hyperparathyroidism and review of the literature.] J Med Liban 1999; 47(5):313–16. PubMed ID: 10887537 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10887537Find this resource:

92 Zaw H et al. Operative management options for symptomatic flexible adult acquired flatfoot deformity: a review. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 2010; 18(2):135–42. PubMed ID: 20049416 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20049416Find this resource:

93 Najafi B et al. Dynamic plantar loading index: understanding the benefit of custom foot orthoses for painful pes cavus. J Biomech 2012; 45(9):1705–11. PubMed ID: 22516856 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22516856Find this resource:

94 O’Donovan G et al. The ABC of Physical Activity for Health: A consensus statement from the British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences. J Sport Sci 2010; 28(6):573–91. PubMed ID: 20401789 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20401789Find this resource:

95 Bahr R et al. Understanding injury mechanisms: a key component in sport. Br J Sports Med 2005; 39:324–9. PubMed ID: 15911600 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15911600Find this resource:

96 Consensus statement on concussion in sport: the 4th international Conference on Concussion in Sport held in Zurich, November 2012. Br J Sports Med 2013; 47:250–8. PubMed ID: 23479479 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23479479Find this resource:

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