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Creating virtual reality medical simulations: a knowledge-based design and assessment approach 

Creating virtual reality medical simulations: a knowledge-based design and assessment approach
Chapter:
Creating virtual reality medical simulations: a knowledge-based design and assessment approach
Author(s):

Dale C Alverson

, Thomas P Caudell

, and Timothy E Goldsmith

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198717621.003.0030
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date: 05 May 2021

The utility of training simulators strongly depends on how well the knowledge put into them is taken out by the student. Virtual reality provides a rich flexible environment where methods to do this can be freely explored. This chapter describes a methodology for embedding knowledge into virtual training scenarios and quantitatively measuring the degree to which it is transferred to the trainee. The approach integrates collaborative trans-disciplinary teams of subject-matter experts, computer scientists, engineers, and cognitive psychologists. This knowledge-based design process uses concept reification, artificial intelligence, and immersive game-like virtual environments for the embedding. Expert knowledge structure techniques based in cognitive psychology are used to measure the transfer. Two studies utilizing this methodology involving traumatic head injury and the kidney’s nephron are described.

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