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Simulation-based emergency medicine and disaster training 

Simulation-based emergency medicine and disaster training
Chapter:
Simulation-based emergency medicine and disaster training
Author(s):

Mary D Patterson

, John A Vozenilek

, and Mark W Bowyer

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198717621.003.0027
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date: 18 May 2021

Simulation training is now a standard in emergency medicine and disaster preparedness. Simulations may include multiple ‘patients’ and reflect the importance of surge and prioritization in emergency practice. Procedural skill training, non-technical, interdisciplinary, and in situ simulations have become increasingly important. Simulation ensures exposure to a standard set of critical and seasonal conditions as opposed to relying on random patient presentations to the emergency department. Evaluation of competencies for trainees and the development of simulation-based certification processes for practitioners is a relatively new use for simulation. Restrictions in resident duty hours have resulted in simulation-based training replacing clinical experience in some circumstances. Simulation is recognized as a tool for the evaluation of new facilities, systems, team, and processes before their use in the clinical environment and for disaster preparedness. The field is maturing but there is a need for additional evidence that links simulation training to improved patient outcomes.

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