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The scope of intervention 

The scope of intervention
Chapter:
The scope of intervention
DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198714750.003.0004
Page of

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date: 15 November 2019

Chapter 4 of Addiction Medicine covers the scope of intervention, which ranges from prevention of substance use, screening and brief intervention, to treatment for established disorders, and harm reduction approaches. Primary prevention includes controls on the availability of psychoactive substances, provision of advice and campaigns to reduce use, addressing risk factors, and enhancing protective factors. Early intervention is a secondary intervention approach which aims to identify risky patterns of substance use and help people reduce their use in order to avoid adverse consequences in the future. Treatment (or tertiary intervention) is designed to improve the health and well-being of a person who has been diagnosed with substance use disorders. Harm reduction aims at minimizing the harm experienced by individuals from their substance use, while acknowledging that substance use may continue. Following this introduction, there is an outline of the ten key components of treatment and an outline of harm reduction including principles that apply in clinical practice.

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