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Physiological Activity and Artefacts in Epileptic Brain in Subdural EEG 

Physiological Activity and Artefacts in Epileptic Brain in Subdural EEG
Physiological Activity and Artefacts in Epileptic Brain in Subdural EEG

Beate Diehl

, and Catherine A. Scott

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date: 22 September 2020

‘Physiological activity and artefacts in epileptic brain in subdural EEG’ reviews intracranial appearances of physiological brain rhythms in each brain region, many of which are also seen on scalp EEG. The alpha rhythm has been described as originating from multiple occipital and extra-occipital cortical generators variously overlapping and influencing each other, probably under the relative control of a central pacemaker. Another more focal pattern has been described in intracranial EEG recordings in the calcarine region, with a third rhythm arising in midtemporal regions, not detectable in scalp EEG, with a frequency in the alpha or theta range. Lambda waves, sleep structures, and mu rhythms over motor cortex can also be detected on subdural electrodes. On a region-by-region basis, intracranial EEG appearances are summarized, including brain oscillations in hippocampus and motor cortex and their modifiers, as well as ongoing rhythms in cingulum. Common sources of physiological and non-physiological artefacts are reviewed.

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