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Heart Valve Disease 

Heart Valve Disease
Heart Valve Disease

Patrizio Lancellotti

and Bernard Cosyns

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date: 25 October 2020

Echocardiography plays a major role in the evaluation, monitoring and decision making of patients with valvular heart disease. This chapter examines the aetiologies, haemodynamic measurements, and various consequences in aortic, mitral and pulmonary valve stenosis. It also describes how to assess patients with valvular regurgitation (mitral, aortic and pulmonary), valvular prosthesis and definite or suspected infective endocarditis. For each condition, echocardiographic features of poor prognosis, including complications, embolic risk, and the timing for surgery are discussed. Indications for transoesophageal echocardiography and 3D echocardiography are highlighted, especially when a decision of valve repair is envisioned. The timing echocardiographic monitoring of patients with valvular heart disease is also described.

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