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The Standard Transthoracic Echo Examination 

The Standard Transthoracic Echo Examination
Chapter:
The Standard Transthoracic Echo Examination
Author(s):

Patrizio Lancellotti

and Bernard Cosyns

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198713623.003.0002
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date: 27 September 2020

Functional imaging by modern echocardiography offers a variety of methods to assess regional and global myocardial function beyond classic dimension, volume and ejection fraction measurements. This chapter shows how various modalities of Doppler echocardiography can be used for assessment of valves, haemodynamics, and coronary flow reserve. It also provides information on myocardial function can be extracted from echo images using a tissue Doppler or speckle tracking approach. 3Dechocardiography provides real-time 3D images of the heart in motion. Various types of examination and quantification are also shown. A brief explanation of contrast imaging is included as well as practical considerations such as administration protocols and the safety of ultrasound contrast.

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