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Pericardial Disease 

Pericardial Disease
Chapter:
Pericardial Disease
Author(s):

Patrizio Lancellotti

and Bernard Cosyns

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198713623.003.0010
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date: 07 April 2020

Echocardiography is the first line examination for the diagnosis of suspected pericardial disease. Assessment of pericardial disease is of critical importance for the management of patients in a number of clinical scenarios. This chapter discusses the definition of these scenarios and their associated echocardiographic findings. It shows the definition and echocardiographic findings of pericardial effusion and constrictive pericarditis. Constrictive pericarditis is characterized by impaired cardiac diastolic function due to a thickened, inflamed or adherent, frequently calcified pericardium. It is often post-surgery, radiotherapy, or as evolution of effusive pericarditis. The chapter also chapter shows the definition and echocardiographic findings of pericardial cysts and congenital absence of pericardium.

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