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Fetal and neonatal physiology 

Fetal and neonatal physiology
Chapter:
Fetal and neonatal physiology
Author(s):

Thierry Girard

and Thomas Erb

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198713333.003.0004
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date: 24 February 2020

Knowledge of fetal and neonatal physiology is a prerequisite for physicians involved in the care for mother and child during pregnancy and fetal surgery as well as for the care of a newborn. This chapter focuses on essential aspects of fetal growth, and respiratory and cardiovascular physiology including the complex transition from intra- to extrauterine life. In essence, this transition involves every organ system and knowledge of the most important aspects is a prerequisite to understanding pathophysiology of this transition. Key points regarding the nervous system, nociception, metabolism, that is, fluid homeostasis, kidneys, and liver, and the integumentary system are also addressed.

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